Pompeii is one of the most visited archaeological sites of the world and attracts visitors to the rediscovery of what remains of the ancient splendor of the Roman Empire in the year 80 B.C.
Pompeii was partly destroyed and covered by the eruption of the volcano “Vesuvio” in 79 A.D. and forgotten over the years. The excavations began in the eighteenth century and gradually led to the discovery of fabulous villas with frescoes preserved by the lava flow, and lapilli, an amphitheater and much more to show the prosperity of this city in the past.
The excavation work is not finished and still continue with the aim of giving the modern civilization treasures of the past. After the tour and lunch, we proceed to the discovery of Herculaneum, which according to legend was founded by Hercules, a Roman town.
It was built some time between 80 and 70 B.C. and was destroyed during the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD, the same one that destroyed Pompeii.
Unlike Pompeii, Herculaneum was not affected by the lava but it was submerged by the mud, formed by water and lava, which then solidified into soft tufathus preserving the many paintings and objects that can be admired today.
The city was discovered in 1709 and excavations have brought to light sumptuous villas, baths, theaters and even a villa that belonged to Julius Caesar's stepfather, called VillaPiso. Much of the city is still buried and excavations continue today.